Belgium is one of the smallest and most densely populated countries in Europe. The country is bordered by Germany to the East, the Netherlands to the North, Luxembourg to the SouthEast, France to the Southwest, and the North Sea to the Northwest.
Its capital city is Brussels.
Belgium is one of the most urbanized and heavily industrialized countries in Europe.
The country has a population of around 11.5 million people.
Belgium is a unique and fascinating country. It is divided into three regions. There is the Dutch-speaking north referred to as the Flanders and the French-speaking south referred to as Wallonia. The Brussels Capital Region is bilingual and has one-tenth of the population.
The Flanders region has the culture-rich cities of Ghent, Antwerp, and Bruges. They have baroque and gothic architecture, cobbled streets, picturesque canals, and top restaurants.
In contrast, the Wallonia region has wooded hills of the Ardennes forest and the wild landscape of the Haute Fagnes, home to much rare flora and fauna. It is popular among Belgium hikers, mountain bikers, and canoeists.
The country’s currency is the Euro.
Travel Tips for First Time Visitors
When to Visit
The warmest months to visit are from April to September. However, be prepared for rain at any time. If you enjoy attending festivals, February is the Carnival month. There are also festivities in July and August.
In September, protected monuments are opened to the public on Heritage Days.
What to Wear and What to Pack
Belgium experiences rainy and gloomy days. You should ensure that you pack warm clothes. Ensure that you pack an umbrella.
Belgium has an extensive train network. A second class ticket to almost anywhere in Belgium will cost you €20 or less. Booking a train in advance will save you time and money.
All the major cities are within two hours of each other.
Belgium is famous for its fries, waffles, chocolates, and beer. Belgian cuisine is heavily influenced by its neighboring countries. The most popular dishes are sausages, steak and fries, mussels, and smoked ham. The meal portions are huge and filling.
Meals at restaurants cost between 5 Euros and 12 Euros.
Hostel accommodation is available. A night in a dorm room will cost between 22 Euros and 28 Euros.
A night in a private room will cost you between 50 Euros and 120 Euros. There is free Wi-Fi and some hostels provide free breakfast.
Things to do in Belgium
Visit the castles
Belgium has more castles per square mile than any country in the world. There are over 3,000 castles for you to explore! For first-time visitors, it can be difficult to know where to begin exploring. One of the most interesting ones is the Castle of Bouillon in the Ardennes as it was built in the 11th century. Beersel is fascinating and is one of the best-preserved castles in the country. It was constructed in the 14th century.
Gravensteen is located in Ghent. It is a medieval castle built in the 12th century. It was the centerpiece of the 1913 World’s Fair. It has been used at various times as a court, residence, mint, cotton factory, and prison. Gaasbeek is a 16th-century castle that features art collections and lavish rooms. The 15th-century Freÿr is considered a miniature Versailles.
Taste Craft Beers
If you enjoy craft beers, you will be in for a treat in Belgium. Every region has its local beers that you might want to try out. If you have time, you can visit the local breweries.
Enjoy Belgian Chocolate
Each village in Belgium has its own chocolate shop. Belgian chocolate is famous worldwide.
Enjoy a canal cruise in Bruges
Bruges is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Belgium. A great way to enjoy its beauty is by cruising through it by boat on the canals.